Standing Buddha Amitabha
Item No. 16258
19th Century, Buddhist, China
Wood with Pigmentation
34" x 10" x 7"
( 86.36 x 25.4 x 17.78 cm)
(H x W x D)
The Buddha stands in varada mudra with his left arm hanging naturally at the side of the body, palm facing outward and fingers extended. This gesture symbolizes charity, compassion and granting of wishes and symbolizes the accomplishment of the wish to devote oneself to human salvation. As in this statue, this mudra is traditionally accompanied with the abhaya mudra made with the right hand raised to shoulder height arm bent and the palm of the hand also facing outward with the fingers extended upward and touching each other. In Sanskrit abhaya means fearlessness, and this mudra symbolizes protection, peace, and the dispelling of fear. He is dressed the Gupta style with his robes draped over his shoulders, tied at the waist and hanging in tiers to his bare feet. He is placed high on a pedestal and displays many signs of the Enlightened One: snail like curls of hair, elongated ears, heightened ushnisha, and three rings at his neck. He is in very fine shape with some pigment remaining on the carving.
Exotica India, "Mudras of the Great Buddha: Symbolic Gestures and Postures," Article of the Month – August, 2001, http://www.exoticindiaart.com/mudras.htm
Meher McArthur, "Reading Buddhist Art, London, Thames and Hudson, 2002
Fredrick W. Bunce, "A Dictionary of Busshist and Hindu Iconography," New Delhi, D. K. Ptintworld (P) Ltd., 2001.