Buddha in Meditation
Item No. 17008
16th - 17th Century, Buddhist, China
Wood with Pigmentation
41" x 23" x 16.25"
( 104.14 x 58.42 x 41.275 cm)
(H x W x D)
This colorful carving of Buddha Sakyamuni sits with his feet in padmasana (lotus position) with both soles exposed and his hands in dhyana (meditation) mudra with his slender well-carved fingers touching and forming the symbolic triratna, or the triple gems of Buddhism: the Buddha, the Sangha and the Dharma. His half-closed eyes gaze downward in contemplation under his deeply carved and painted arched eyebrows and black locks of snail-like hair. His serene face is full with red painted bow-like lips set in a slight all knowing smile. Atop his heads is his slightly pronounced ushnisha in the center of which is a red painted jewel (nikkeishu) radiating the light of wisdom.
He is garbed in the traditional three part monks garb with a red shawl bordered in blue at the chest and a blue undergarment. The colors of the robes are in contrast to the white of his skin at the chest, face, hands and feet. The robe covering his legs is carved with curving parallel drapery. He sits upon a high, elaborately and finely carved waisted double lotus throne with the lower pedals facing the earth and the upper ones facing the Buddha. The image is in fine condition with most of the original pigmentation in tack and no obvious restorations.
Fredrick W. Bunce, "A Dictionary of Busshist and Hindu Iconography," New Delhi, D. K. Ptintworld (P) Ltd., 2001.
Exotica India, "Mudras of the Great Buddha: Symbolic Gestures and Postures," Article of the Month – August, 2001, http://www.exoticindiaart.com/mudras.htm
Meher McArthur, "Reading Buddhist Art, London, Thames and Hudson, 2002
E. Dale Saunders, "Mudre: A Study of Symbolic Gestures in Japanese Buddhist Sculpture, " Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1985.